Historical Background

There are many compelling reasons for establishing more Departments of architecture and planning in the country. Existing urban settlements face problems of housing, employment, infrastructure and transport apart from old and dilapidated buildings. More over since Indian economy is growing as well as globalizing, Indian cities and towns will have to face international competition for attracting global capital which is so essential for sustaining current and future economic growth of India. According to the United Nations, by 2050, more than 80% of the world population (estimated to be 9.3 billion) will be living in urban areas. The biggest contributors to this drastic change in the ratio of urban/rural population are the developing nations from Asia. In the next four decades (2010 to 2050), India will add another 497 million to its urban population. The challenges brought on by this increase in urban population among the developing economies will stretch the limits of how societies function and how they can sustain productive economics and socio-cultural activity.. Show(+) This is the broad canvas for establishing the Department of Architecture and Planning at IIT(BHU). Apart from this, Varanasi is one of the oldest city and the centre for cultural and architectural heritage and since there is no other university in the neighbourhood which provides the students an opportunity to study these courses, in fact there is no premium institute from Delhi to Kolkata for Architecture and Planning, therefore Varanasi seems to be one of the best possible options to set up a new Department for Architecture and Planning and fill up this gap. However, since tourism is very important economic sector for Varanasi, with over 30,00,000 domestic and 2,00,000 foreign tourists visiting annually, there is a significant strain on city infrastructure. The Department intends to specifically deal with endemic problems and introduce efficient solutions for the physical condition of the city of Varanasi and the Purvanchal region, which may be scalable and adaptable to other geographies, in India and abroad. The Department of Architecture and Planning shall be committed to produce excellent Architects, Planners and Designers of the Nation to take up the challenges of physical and socio- environmental development of global standards, where a sense of enquiry will prevail amongst all stake holders- students, researchers, professors and purveyed to the society at large. The Department will strive for social, cultural and environmental sustenance through the discipline of Architecture and Planning..Hide(-)