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B. Tech Part 4 Syllabus



Contact hours per week: 3

Credit: 3

Classical Approaches: Knowledge representation and reasoning, search strategies, natural language processing, game playing.

Expert systems: Components, production rules, inference mechanisms, case studies.

Neural Networks: biological concepts, neuron model, transfer functions, feed forward, feed back, supervised and unsupervised models, Learning methods- Hebbs, delta, back-propagation and competitive learning. Neural network design procedure.

Fuzzy Logic: Fuzzy set theory, fuzzy logic, fuzzy truth values, case studies.


Contact hours per week: 3

Credit: 3

Introduction: Digital verses analog control systems, sampler and sampling theorem. D/A and A/D conversions, sample and hold operations, quantization and delay effects.

z- Transform analysis: The z-transform and inverse-z-transform, pulse transfer function, signal flow graph of discrete-time systems, Discretization of analog compensators, Stability analysis, Systems with dead-time.

Transform design of Digital Controllers: Design specifications, direct and indirect design methods, design in w-plane, digital PID controller.

State-Space Analysis: Discrete-time state equations, similarity transformations, realization of pulse-transfer functions, concepts of controllability and observability, Lyapunov stability analysis, systems with deadtime.

Controller Design Using State-Space Concepts: Structure of state-feedback, formulation of optimal control problems, eigen values assignment by state feedback, state observers.


Contact hours/week: 3

Credits: 3

Gaseous Insulation: Townsends mechanism, Paschens law, discharge in uniform and non-uniform fields, statistical aspects of breakdown, streamer mechanism, gas mixtures, electronegative gases, breakdown of long gaps.

Solid and Liquid Insulation: Mechanisms of breakdown in solid and liquid insulation, effects of thickness, nature of field, frequency and time of application, partial discharges, treeing and tracking,

Generation of AC, DC, and Impulse voltages and currents: Cascaded and resonant transformers, HV rectifier circuits, electrostatic generators, impulse generators, wave shape control, switching surge generation, tripping and synchronization of the impulse generator with the CRO.

Measurement of AC, DC, and Impulse voltages and currents: Sphere gaps, Electrostatic voltmeter, Potential dividers, resistance, capacitance, and mixed dividers, partial discharge measurements, Scherings bridge.

High Voltage Testing: IS specifications, DC, AC, and Impulse testing of insulators, bushings, transformers, arrestors, and cables.

Effects of High Electrostatic Fields: Electric shock and threshold currents, Biological effect, Field measurements.

Earthing: Steps and touch potential, safety measures.

Corona: Power loss, audible noise, radio and TV interference.


Contact hours per week: 3

Credit: 3

Introduction to Solid State control of drives.

Control of Electric Drives: Modes of operation, speed control and drive classification, closed loop control of drives, PLL and position control

Controlled Rectifier Fed dc Drive: dc separately excited motor-control by single-phase and three-phase rectifiers, dual converter control; dc series motor control.

Chopper Control of dc Drives: Control of separately excited and series motors.

Induction Motor Drives: Stator voltage control; variable frequency control:- voltage source inverter and cyclo-converter control; current source inverter control; Slip controlled Induction Motor- static rotor resistance control; slip power recovery- static Scherbius, Kramers drive.

Synchronous Motor Drives: Speed control of synchronous motor; self control-operation from voltage source and current source; brushless dc and ac motors; load commutated synchronous motor drive fed from current source inverter.

Principles of vector control.


Contact hours per week: 3

Credit: 3

Diffusion and Ion-implantation in silicon. Epitaxy deposition of Polysilicon, silicon dioxide and silicon nitride using LP and PCVD. Photolithography and dry etching. Monolithic integrated circuit technology using bipolar, PMOS, NMOS , VMOS, HMOS, CMOS, BICOMS,SOS and SOI. Thin-film, Thick-film and hybrid integrated circuits, Design and fabrication.


Contact hours per week: 3

Credit: 3

Data Transmission: Analog and digital data transmission, transmission impairment and media.

Data Encoding : Encoding of digital and analog data over analog and digital signals.

Synchronous and asynchronous transmission.

Data link control. Error and flow control. Protocol.

Multiplexing: Frequency division multiplexing, Synchronous time division multiplexing

Circuit and Packet Switching: Control signal. Routing and traffic control.

Communication Protocols: TCP/IP, UDP. ISO/OSI. ATM.


Contact hours per week: 3

Credit: 3

Introduction: Review of Electromechanical energy conversion principles, transfer function and Block diagram representations.

Dynamic Conditions in Electrical Machines: General concept of modeling and performance simulation, parameter identification, dynamic equation of motion, general torque equation, per unit representation of Inertia Constant.

D-C machines dynamics-specific operational modes.

Electrical Transients in Synchronous Machines: Dynamic equations, analysis under specific operational modes.

Dynamic Equation of Induction Machines: Alternative approaches, analysis under specific operational modes, selection of models, analysis under re-switching supply condition.


Contact hours per week: 3

Credit: 3

Illumination: Review of laws of illumination, luminous efficacy, lighting sources and their use in domestic, street and industrial lighting, Energy considerations, photometry

Electro-planting: Methods, estimation of power and current for depositing metals, Current and energy efficiency, Electro-deposition and electroforming, Power supply for electrolysis.

Electric Heating and Welding: Methods, modes of transfer, types of electric furnaces: Resistance, Arc, Dielectric and Microwave, Types of welding: Arc and resistance, Air conditioning and heating of buildings.

Electric Traction: Traction Principles - Types of systems, services and supply systems, Train resistance and adhesion, tractive-effort, general equation of train motion, speed time curve; energy and specific energy consumption, Riding Index.

Traction Drive: Requirements for traction application, Consideration for motor selection.

Control of Traction Motors: Starting, speed control and braking, energy consideration, rectifier system and power electronic control, OHE; current collection; feeding and distribution system.

Electric cars and trolley buses, energy consideration.


Contact hours per week: 3

Credit: 2

Design principles: General concepts and constraints and design of transformer and rotating machines.

Magnetic Circuits: Flux distribution, leakage flux and leakage inductance calculation; magnetizing current; Iron losses; Field form; Un-balanced magnetic Pull.

Constructional Details: Types of enclosures and their effect on overall performance;

Design and cost of machine shafts, bearing and fixtures.

Materials: Insulating, core, conductor and cooling and their choices. Heating; Temperature rise; Types of ventilation.

Design procedure: Transformer and rotating machines-Out put equation, Choice of specific magnetic and electric loading; design of magnetic core dimensions and its effect on cost and performance of the machine; Design of Windings; Stator and rotor harmonics and their effects on performance; Estimation of performance from the design; Design of armature windings of DC and AC machines. Harmonic elimination; Design of Field windings of synchronous and DC machines.

Computer Aided Design Simulation: Historical review of design, analysis and optimization; Selection of strategies and constraints; Defining material properties; Case designs of transformer. A.C./D.C. machines and their analysis; Development of computer program; use of FEM package; simulation of performance of electrical machine.


Contact hours per week: 4

Credit: 4

Introduction: Management and Industrial Engineering and relation with other fields, management concepts.

Plant location and layout: General considerations, types of layout, cellular manufacturing.

Work Analysis and Measurement: Design of work methods, time and motion study, work sampling, selection of labour and wage payment, incentive and motivation policies.

Financial Management: Source of finance, balance sheet and income statement, different elements of cost, depreciation, break-even analysis, economic appraisal of projects.

Production planning and Control: Methodology, aggregate planning, scheduling, line of balance, line balancing.

Quality Control: Concepts of quality, acceptance sampling, control charts, total quality management.

Materials Management: Inventory management, deterministic and probabilistic models of inventory control, materials requirement planning, jus-in-time (JIT), Enterprise resource planning (ERP), supply chain management (SCM), business process reengineering.

Project Management: CPM and PERT, cost consideration and crashing.


Contact hours per week: 4

Credit: 4

Energy Availability Studies: Forecasting methodologies, technology selection and evaluation, patterns of energy consumptions, supply and Demand projections.

Energy Resources: Concept and classification

Thermal Power Plant: Principle of working, operation of boiler, coal requirement.

Hydro-electric Power Generation: Introduction, principle and working.

Nuclear Power Plant: Principle and working, fission and fusion nuclear reactor, types and description, breeding, nuclear fuel and power control, fuel requirement, thermonuclear fusion.

Non-conventional energy: Introduction to solar, wind, MHD, fuel cells, geothermal, biomass and biogas-design aspects of power plants, applications and environmental aspects.

Ocean energy conversion: Tidal power, wave energy and ocean thermal energy conversion

Direct energy conversion.

Energy storage: Direct and indirect

Economic Consideration.


Contact hours/week: 4

Credits: 4

EHV AC System: Flexible AC transmission, control of FACTS devices, reactive power planning, static VAR compensation, optimal location, Sub-synchronous resonance, Ferro-resonance, true saturation characteristic.

Transients in Three Phase EHV AC system: Switching of three phase transformer banks, transmission lines, capacitive banks, effects of neutral connection. Symmetrical component method of analysis of three phase switching transients, effect of open conductors. EMTP application.

Traveling Waves: Generation of traveling waves, refraction and attenuation of waves, effects of line terminators, multi-conductor systems.

Protection of EHV AC Lines: Protection against switching overvoltages, lightning overvoltages. Surge diverters, surge capacitors and reactors, overhead ground wires.

HVDC Systems: Comparison with AC systems. Various configurations, incersion and conversion, operation and control, harmonics and filters. Parallel operation of HVDC/AC system. Back to back connections. Multi-terminal HVDC system. Transients in HVDC converters.

Overvoltages and Insulation coordination: Lightning, switching and temporary overvoltages, BIL and SIL, methods of insulation coordination, conventional and statistical methods.

Gas Insulated Systems: Gas Insulated lines, substations, advantages and problems.


Contact hours per week: 3

Credit: 3

Objectives of LSI/VLSI. Device scaling associated short channel problems.

MOS modeling. MOS-bipolar interface. System and memory design with MOS. VLSI architecture, CAD for LSI/VLSI. Stick diagram, layout , testing and reliability studies of LSI/VLSI.


Contact hours/ week: 3

Credit: 3

Network Modeling: Development of network matrices using graph theory, Z-Bus and Y-Bus formation, component models, fixed tap, variable tap and phase shifting transformers.

Short Circuit Studies of Large Systems: Symmetrical and asymmetrical fault analysis using Z-Bus and Y-Bus Method.

Advanced Load Flow Studies: Load models, non-convergence of load flow solutions, remedial measures, second order methods, continuation power flow, sparse vector method.

Economic Operation and Security Analysis: Optimal power flow problem and its solution methods, contingency evaluation methods; distribution factors, direct and indirect methods, contingency ranking and screening.

Angular and Voltage Stability Analysis: Steady state and transient stability, mathematical models and numerical solution, voltage stability.

State Estimation: Algorithm, tracking state estimator, bad data identification, Observability.


Contact hours per week: 3

Credit: 3

Introduction: Typical Information Systems, Information Systems Analysis Overview. Requirements Specification. Decision Tables.

File systems: Serial, Sequential, Indexed Sequential and Direct Access files. Hashing.

Data models: Entity and attributes. Entity - Relationship Diagrams.

Database Management Systems: Introduction. Hierarchical, Network and Relational Models. Normalization. Query languages and query processing.

Introduction to Distributed Databases Management Systems.


Contact hours/ week: 3

Credit: 2

Conceptual Introduction of Power System Design: Design of Distribution Network Components and design aspects of EHV transmission systems.

Design of Distribution Network: Development of Load Data as Load Curve, selection of transformer based on peak load.

Selection of Transformer: Regional requirement, connection of transformers in a ring main network, associated design issues- configuration, conductor selection, switch room, accessories, transformer connections.

Location of Substation: Centre-of-gravity method and voltage regulation criterion.

Design of EHV Transmission Network: Selection of operating voltage and conductor, calculation of voltage gradient, corona loss, radio interference level, sag selection criterion, tower design, computation of voltage regulation and efficiency.

Development of Generalized Simulation Package in GUI framework, case studies.