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B. Tech Part 3 Syllabus


Contact hours per week: 3

Credits: 3

Clipper and Clamper circuits. Sweep generating circuits, Multi-vibrators and Schmitt Trigger. Frequency division and synchronizing techniques.

Characteristics, limitations and applications of TTL, I2L, ECL and CMOS logic families.

Logic gates, Combinational and Sequential circuit design. Static and Dynamic memories.


Contact hours per week: 3

Credits: 3

Introduction: Feedback principle, examples of open-loop and closed-loop systems, Classification of feedback control systems, Effects of feedback.

Systems and Their Representations: Transfer function of typical control-system devices. Block diagram, Signal flow graphs, State-variable representation and state-diagram

Time-Domain Analysis: Servo specifications in time domain, type 0, 1, 2 systems and error coefficients. Stability: RH Criterion. Root locus techniques.

Frequency-Domain Analysis: Frequency response plots, Bode-plots, Nyquist-plot, Nichols chart, Servo-specifications in frequency-domain, Stability analysis, PID controllers.

State-Variable Analysis: Decomposition of transfer functions, Similarity transformation, Decoupling, Controllability and Observability, State feedback systems.

Introduction to Non-linear and Optimal Control Systems.


Contact hours per week: 4

Credits: 4

Introduction: Evolution of microprocessors and microcontrollers, memory devices, number system, architecture, interrupts instruction set and assembly language programming of 8085 microprocessor.

8086/8088 Microprocessor: Pin assignments, minimum and maximum mode, architecture, addressing modes, interrupts, instruction format, instruction set and assembly language programming, introduction to 8087 math coprocessor.

Peripheral Devices and Their Interfacing: Introduction, memory and I/O interfacing, data transfer schemes, programmable peripheral interface (8255), programmable DMA controller (8257, 8237A), programmable interrupt controller (8259), programmable communication interface (8251), programmable counter/interval timer (8253 and 8254), special purpose interfacing devices, elements and circuits for interfacing.

Microcontrollers: Architecture, instruction set and assembly language programming of 8051 microcontroller, introduction to 8096/8097 microcontroller.

Data Acquisition System: Sample and Hold (S/H) circuit, multiplexer, signal conditioner, A/D and D/A Converters, multi-channel data acquisition system.

Applications: Measurement and control of electrical and physical quantities, case studies


Contact hours per week: 3

Credits: 3

Power Semiconductor Devices: Structure, operation, characteristics, ratings, protection, gate/base drive circuits and other aspects of Diodes, SCR, GTO, BJT, IGBT and MOSFET.

Power Semiconductor Converters: Introduction, operation, waveforms, input-output relations of following:

Uncontrolled rectifier: 1 ph. 3 ph. with R, RL, and RLE loads.

Phase-Controlled converters: 1 ph, 3 ph half controlled and full controlled with R, RL, and RLE loads. Control of converters: Linear firing angle, cosine wave crossing method, PLL control. Dual Bridge Converter.

Cyclo-converters: 3ph-1ph, 3ph-3ph, non-circulating and circulating current mode operation.

ac voltage controllers: on-off and phase control, 1ph and 3ph controllers.

dc-dc converters: classification of choppers, control methods.

dc-ac converters: 1ph and 3ph bridge voltage source and current source inverters, voltage control.Resonant inverters.


Contact hours/ week: 3

Credits: 3

Faults in Power Systems: Per-unit system, symmetrical fault analysis, symmetrical components and unsymmetrical fault analysis, fault through impedance, current-limiting reactors, neutral grounding.

Protective System: Essential elements and requirements, electromagnetic and static relays, over-current, directional, distance and differential relaying, general equations of amplitude and phase comparators.

Transmission Line Protection: Distance, pilot wire and carrier current protection schemes.

Equipment Protection: Protection of rotating machines, transformers, bus-bars.

Numerical Protection: Concept of numerical protection, algorithms for over-current, directional, distance and differential relaying, microprocessor and microcontroller based protective relays.

Circuit Interruption: Arc phenomenon, principles of arc and dc circuit breaking, restrking phenomenon and switching transients, resistance switching, current chopping.

Circuit Breakers : Types of circuit breakers, air break, bulk and minimum oil, air blast, SF6 and vacuum circuit breakers, , auto reclosing, single and multi break operation, ratings and testing of circuit breakers, HVDC Circuit breakers, miniature and moulded case circuit breakers.


Contact hours/ week: 4

Credits: 4

Review of the sampling theorem: Recovery of signals from it sampled version, minimum sampling rate required for band pass signals and frequency domain sampling. Modulation and demodulation schemes and representation of relevant signals for pulse and analog modulation: PAM, PWM, and PPM.

Pulse code modulation (PCM), Differential pulse code modulation (DPCM), Delta Modulation(DM), Adaptive Delta Modulation (ADM). Noise performance of PCM and DM. Comparison of PCM, DPCM and DM.

Digital Modulation techniques: ASK, FSK, PSK, DPSK, QPSK, M-ary PSK, QASK, BFSK. Comparison of noise performances of ASK, PSK and FSK.

Detection of binary signals: The matched filter study. Coherent representation of PSK, FSK, DPSK. Non-coherent detection of binary signals.

The Concept of Information: Arrange information. Information rate, entropy, mutual information, channel capacity, Bandwidht-SNR tradeoff, use of orthogonal signals to achieve shannons limit. Source coding. Shannons two coding theorem. Error detecting and correcting codes.

Linear block codes- syndrome calculation and Hamming distance. Convolution codes, decoding in presence of noise. Sequential decoding.

Introduction to spread spectrum communication system.


Contact hours/ week: 4

Credits: 4

Introduction to Power Generation Methods: Conventional power plants- thermal, hydro-electric, nuclear power plants resources of the fuel for power plants in India.

Thermal Power Plants: Steam power plant- steam generators and furnaces, gas turbine and diesel power plants, nuclear power plants, reactor types. Lay-out and site selection for these power plants. Co-ordination between different power plants.

Hydro-electric Power Plants: Classification, general features, site selection, performance, coordination with other power plants.

Pollution Hazards and Control.

Power Plant Economics: Load curves, diversity factors.


Contact hours/ week: 4

Credits: 4


Classification: Primitive data structures. Linear and non-linear data structures.

Arrays: Single and multidimensional, sparsity.

Stacks & Queues: Insertion and deletion, memory implementation. Circular queues. Priority queues - heaps.

Linked lists: Insertion and deletion in singly and multilinked lists, applications.

Trees: Definition and terminology, storage, binary trees, traversals, height balanced trees.

Graphs: Storage representation. Algorithms for searching - Breadth First Search & Depth First Search.

Algorithms: Polynomial & exponential time algorithms, complexity measures, asymptotic notations, divide and conquer approach, recursion. Greedy algorithms. Dynamic Programming.


Contact hours/ week: 4

Credits: 4

Discrete Time systems: Discrete sequences, linear coefficient difference equation, Representation of DTS, LSI Systems. Stability and causality, frequency domain representations and Fourier transform of DT sequences.

Z-Transform: Definition and properties, IZT and stability. Parsevals Theorem and applications.

System Function: signal flow graph, its use in representation and analysis of DTS. Techniques of representations. Matrix generation and solution for DTS evaluations.

Discrete Fourier Transform: DFT assumptions and IDFT. Computation of DFT. FFT Algorithms and processing gain, Decimination ,interpolation and extrapolation. Gibbs phenomena. FFT of real functions interleaving and resolution improvement. Word length effects.

Digital Filters: Analog filter review. System function for IIR and FIR filters, network representation. Canonical and decomposition networks. IIR filter realization methods and their limitations. FIR filter realization techniques.

Discrete correlation and convolution; Properties and limitations.


Contact hours/ week: 4

Credits: 4

Classifications: Linear, non-linear; time varying, time-invariant; lumped, distributive; deterministic, stochastic; discrete and continuous time systems.

Analysis: Laplace and Z-transform. Frequency and time domain analysis. Introduction to mathematical models of discrete and continuous time systems.

Graph Theory: Introduction and definitions. Representation. Topological matrices and their relationship. Across and through variables in various disciplines of science and engineering. Unified formulation and modeling techniques, branch formulation chord formulation, mixed nodal-tableau equations. Large scale systems modeling. State variables and state equations in linear time-invariant systems. Sensitivity analysis.

Stochastic Systems: Concepts of probability. Probability density functions, exponential and other arrival patterns and their distribution. Introduction to queuing theory.


Contact hours/ week: 3

Credits: 3


Beginning of science and technology. Contribution of ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia, Egypt, India and China to science and technology. Indias achievements in Metallurgy, Ceramics, Mathematics, Astronomy, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Agriculture, Medicine and Surgery.

Science and technology of Chinese, Greeks and Romans.

Science and technology of Early and Later Middle ages- A world view.

Rise of Modern science. A survey of major scientific and technological developments from 15th to 20th century.

British impact on the emergence of modern science in India.


Nature and structure of organization. Organizational climate. Psychology in organizations, needs, work, motivation, job satisfaction and moral, job-anxiety and organizational stores. Supervision and intra and inter-group relations. Job performances man-machine systems and accidents.

Personnel selection and psychological tests.


Perspective on energy resources, Utilization and demand projections, World and Indian scene. Pattern of energy consumption. Energy thresholds for subsistence and development. Energy audit. Energy analysis. Computer simulation. Availability studies. Energy efficiency analysis, energy inputs equipment processes. Head recovery-waster reduction. Electric load. Lightening and power. Energy confinement. Energy storage. Integrated energy system. Energy Economics life cycle. Costing Break-even analysis. Benefit-cost analysis. Pay back period. Annual costs. Assessment and planning. Training and personnel regulatory actions. Role of Government.


Sociology of modern organization. The modern business corporation. Its ownership, control strategy and structure and some international comparisons.

Organization of work: Co-ordination and control at the work place, the effect of technological and socio-economic factors on organizational structure and performance.

The role of state and managerial class in industrialized society.

The rise of labour movement, occupational control, industrial relations, institutions and issues with particular reference to India. The individual at work, motivation satisfaction and performance, groups at work, leadership.

The issue of industrial democracy.

The role of techno-structure in modern organizations.


The nature of value crisis in the contemporary Indian Society

The challenge of Technology: Environmental issues, sustainable development, urban problems, the process of dehumanization.

The nature of values and their categories: Material, social aesthetic, ethical, cultural religious and spiritual values.

Human Values: Different perceptions, behavioral scientists approach, human values in terms of humanity, human aspirations, hope and joy. Human values in terms of human freedom, creativity, love and wisdom. Humanism, human dignity and human rights. Human nature. Integrated personality development. Relative and absolute values. Truth, Goodness and Beauty, Satya, Shiva and Anand. Gandhian values of Truth and Non-violence.

Indian System of Values: The four purusharthas, the five debts, nishkama karma, sthithapragya, self-restraint. Vedantas concept of unity of all life.

Religion and human values. Brief description of the different value foci of world religion.

Modern social institutions and their values. Values of justice, democracy, nationalism, secularism, national integration. Values of science and technology.

Ethical and moral values. The nature of moral judgement. The bases of morality.

Virtue ethics, ethics of duty, ethics of responsibility.

Work ethics, professional ethics.

Management by Values: Inter-personal relationships in work group, leadership and team building, decision making, stress management.


Contact hours per week: 3

Credits: 3

Analysis of phase controlled converters, effect of source inductance.

Analysis of inverters, PWM techniques, harmonic reduction, resonant d.c. link inverters.

Analysis of resonant converters.

d.c.-d.c. switched mode converters: Buck, Boost, Buck-Boost, Ck and bridge converters, converters with isolation, flyback, forward, push-pull bridge converters.

Switch Mode Power Supplies: configuration, regulation, control circuits, EMI, HF transformers, rectifier and filters.

High frequency cycloconverter, PWM rectifier

Introduction to TCR, TSC, VAR compensation, electric utility applications, residential industrial applications.


Contact hours per week: 3

Credits: 3

Speed-Torque Characteristics of Electric Drives: Speed-torque characteristics of industrial equipment and electric motors, joint torque speed characteristics of motor and load, speed-torque characteristics of dc motor- shunt and series motor, induction motor and synchronous motor under motoring and braking condition

Speed Control of Electric Drives: Fundamental parameters of speed control, speed control of shunt-wound , series wound , induction and synchronous motors, speed control using special forms of drives:- mechanically coupled, asynchronous slip coupling, Scherbius and Kramers drives, cascade connection of induction motor, synchronous electric drives.

Transient conditions in Electric Drives: general concepts, Forces and Torques acting in electric drives, referring load torques, Moment of Inertia, forces and translating masses to rotating shaft; acceleration and deceleration time; shunt wound dc motor start-up, braking, energy involved in transient process; transient condition in series-wound dc motor drives; starting and braking in adjustable voltage system; transient conditions in three-phase induction motor; reduction of losses during transient conditions.

Motor Power Rating and Selection: General consideration in selection of motor rating; motor heating and cooling under continuous, intermittent and short time rating, selection; permissible frequency of starting of induction motor, drives under shock loading condition.

Special Forms of Drives: Principle of operation of stepper motors, switched reluctance motors, shaded pole motor, hysteresis motor and other forms of drives.


Contact hours per week: 3

Credits: 3

Number Systems and Codes: Representation of negative numbers. Basic arithmetical operations.

Computer Architecture:

Memory organization. Word length and addressing schemes.

Instruction Formats. Operations code-encoding techniques. Instruction set design. Classification- arithmetic logic control and input-output instructions. Input-output processing and input-output systems.

Microprogramming: Horizontal and vertical microprogramming. Simulation & Emulation.

Introduction to Pipelining

Operating Systems: Fundamentals, historical developments: Batch processing. Multiprogramming and multiprocessing. Time sharing.

Process Management: State transition diagram. Process control Block. Concurrent processes.

Dead lock

Preemptive and non-preemptive processes. Scheduling-objectives & strategies.

Memory Management. Virtual memory concept. Paging and Page replacement policies segmentation.


Contact hours / week : 3

Credits : 3

Load Flow Studies: Component modeling, primitive network, correlation with Z and Y bus, load flow equations, solutions by Gauss-Seidel, Newton-Raphson and fast decoupled methods, convergence characteristics, Q-limit violation at P-V buses, sparsity techniques.

Stability: Power angle curve, steady state and transient stability, swing equation, equal area criterion, multi -machine analysis, state variable model, introduction to voltage stability.

Optimal operation: Unit commitment, transmission losses, optimal power flow, gradient technique, reactive power optimization, hydro thermal scheduling, power quality indices, FACTS devices.

Automatic Generation Control: Turbine and speed governing system model, single and two area load frequency control , state variable model, generation rate constraint, excitation control, power system stabilizer.

Load Forecasting: Forecasting models and techniques.

Deregulation: Introduction to electricity market, various models.

Artificial Intelligence: Application to power system problems, case studies.


Contact hours per week: 3

Credits: 3

Quality and Reliability. Importance of reliability. Reliability parameters. Methods of achieving reliability. Measures of control tendency and dispersion. System reliability with constant and variable failure rates. Series and parallel reliability. Maintainability and availability. Failure mechanisms. Reliability data and analysis. Reliability improvement methods and quality control.


Contact hours per week: 3

Credits: 3

Modeling and Simulation of Continuous time System: Modeling of system in form of differential equations and their simulation using CSMP and Analogue computer method.

Concept of Probability in Modeling: Probability mass and probability density function. Arrival patterns, exponential distribution, Poisson distribution. Use of GPSS as simulation language.

Dynamic System: Definition, representation in graphical form, formulation of dynamic system problem in the shortest route problem, solution of dynamic system. State-space formulation and solution technique.

Feed back systems and use of MATLAB and C++ for simulation of deterministic and stochastic systems.


Contact hours per week: 3

Credits: 3

Introduction: Basic concepts and recent developments, role of instrumentation in industrial-automation, general characteristics and response of measuring systems.

Sensors and Transducers: Classification, selection and applications.

Digital Transducers: Types and applications

Signal Conditioning: Requirements, OP-AMP based Instrumentation circuits. Bridges, Filters, Instrumentation amplifiers.

Digital Signal Conditioning: Data converters: A/D and D/A conversion, data loggers, microprocessor based data acquisition systems.

Multiplexing: Mechanical and solid-state multiplexers.

Display devices and recorders.

Telemetry systems: Analog and digital systems.

Controllers: Industrial controllers and Programmable logic controllers (PLCs). Centralized and distributed computer control systems.


Contact hours per week: 3

Credits: 3

Software: Evolution and aging of software, Classical life cycle model.

Metrics: product and quality metrics, collection, computation and evaluation of metrics.

Project Management: Estimation of resources, model and automated tools of estimation. Project-Planning, project scheduling and re-engineering.

Requirement Analysis: Structured analysis, Object oriented analysis and data modeling, Alternative analysis techniques Jackson system development. Automated techniques.

Design and Implementation: Fundamentals. Modular, architectural and procedural design. Data flow oriented design. Object user interface design, Real time design. Oriented design. Design documentation. Programming languages and coding.

Integrity and Reliability: Quality metrics. Measures of reliability and availability. Testing: strategies and techniques. Maintainability. Configuration management and version control.

Automation: Computer Aided Software engineering (CASE) tools.


Contact hours per week: 3

Credits: 2

Concept of Power Electronics Circuit Design: Functional Sections, Components and Devices, Ratings, Specifications, Design equations and selection criterion. Gate/Base Drive circuit design.

Protection Circuit Design: Protection philosophy, Thermal design considerations, Circuit design including heat sinks and snubbers.

Introduction to packaging, testing, reliability and handling including circuit layout.

Simulation of Power Electronic Circuits: Role of simulation, Various circuit elements and their representation, Approaches to analysis; Introduction to modeling of devices, components and circuits.

Introduction to circuit simulator: SPICE, MATLAB and Saber.

Simulation exercises; design of converter(s) and performance evaluation using simulation packages.


Contact hours per week: 3

Credits: 2

Design specifications.

Design in frequency domain: applications of Bode-plots and M-circles, inverse Nyquist Plots and Rosenbroack design of compensators

Design in s-plane: Root loci and lead-lag compensators

Parameter optimization: State variable feedback, PID controller tuning of Ziegler Nichols, Simulation of design examples using CSD packages